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Gold Outlook: XAU/USD Extends Rally, Buoyed by Falling Yields and a Weaker Dollar

October 4, 2022

NEW YORK (Oct. 4) Gold extended its upside rally from fresh two-year lows, a move which has largely been driven by dollar weakness and retreating treasury yields. In a further boost for market sentiment, yesterday’s ISM Manufacturing PMI data from the US came in softer than expected. The ISM print came in at 50.9 in September, down from 52.8 prior while new orders and employment have firmly entered contractionary territory. Markets interpreted this as a sign of potential softening by the US Federal Reserve on its rate hike plans.

Central Banks and their Rate Hike Cycles

The improving sentiment in markets to start the week has resulted in the Fed’s tightening prospects being questioned. This may be a bit premature given the US domestic economy remains in good shape, with Friday’s NFP (non-farm payrolls) data holding the key for further hawkish pricing. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) meanwhile surprised markets today with a rather dovish 25bp hike, which quite possibly added to the hopes of a more cautious approach from Central Banks including the FED. Looking at the updated projections for the Fed funds target rate we can see an 8% increase in the last week that the target rate will be in the 350-375bp range come November 2nd.

External Factors Driving Bullion

The year has proved interesting for the precious metal as the US Dollar has been preferred as a safe haven while unprecedented treasury yield rates have played a massive part. Any future moves from the metal will largely rest on US data moving forward with this week’s jobs numbers holding the potential to send the bullion back toward its recent lows. As markets digest each piece of data and Fed funds target rates continue to shift expect an increase in volatility and abrupt changes in direction for the metal. Later today could provide some of this as we have a host of Federal Reserve policymakers speaking, whose rhetoric will no doubt be closely observed by market participants.

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