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Yellen In February 2013

November 25, 2013

“I believe that the Federal Reserve's asset purchases and other unconventional policy actions have helped, and are continuing to help, fill this gap and thus shore up aggregate demand.”

As we mentioned previously (in case of Bernanke) it is always worthwhile to study previous careers of potential central bankers in order to understand their future role in case they get elected (Alan Greenspan being a proud exception to that rule!). It is therefore advisable to see past interpretations and opinion of Janet Yellen. They could signal the directions of future Fed’s decisions.

At the conference “A Trans-Atlantic Agenda for Shared Prosperity” Yellen expressed her concern about the labor markets (the transcript was published on Federal Reserve’s webpage). She emphasized the aggregate variables once again. She also spoke about the special conditions, in which the interest rate was reduced effectively to zero percent. Since further cutting is impossible, the Fed had to (she implies) go further and do something which may appear as additional interest rate cutting (assuming that was possible). The solutions were extensively discussed by Bernanke. As the above quote shows Yellen believes that it is a right way to go – forget the bubble, keep the printing machine ready in order to boost aggregate demand and increase output and employment.

Official employment levels have improved no doubt. But Yellen warns us not to be excited about this change, because some people are working part time (and they would prefer to work full time). Also there are thousands of people who gave up looking for a job during this recession. The methodology excludes those people from official unemployment statistics. The future Fed’s chairman, therefore, argues that concerns about unemployment should be higher than what official statistics show. What does this mean for possible monetary policy? Do not necessarily tighten the policy if the official rate goes down further, because labor market still have to be stimulated for some reason. More “dovish” than “hawkish”.

When analyzing the unemployment rate in the typical mainstream economics discussion one always tries to answer the question: is unemployment “structural” or “cyclical”? If it’s “structural”, it means that it has a lot to do with “real” economy, and that it cannot be easily healed by the government.

Apparently the employees demanding work do not correspond with their skills to employers supplying jobs. If the unemployment is “cyclical”, it means that it is caused by the strange phenomenon of “business cycle”, therefore can be macroeconomically solved. As you probably imagine the “solution” is the government. Or more technically the “solution” lies in the low levels of overall “aggregate demand”, which can be boosted by government spending and the central bank’s active policy. Yellen stated that she interprets the current evidence as indicating that most of the unemployment is “cyclical”, hence it can be lowered by the intervention.

More “doves” thank “hawks” flying around. Again, another indication that she is willing to promote more inflationary policies at the Fed: employment levels are to be become even more important target for the Fed.

Under those circumstances gold appears to feel comfortable in the longer run.


The above is a small excerpt from our November gold Market Overview report. If you enjoyed it, please consider subscribing.

Matt Machaj, PhD

Sunshine Profits‘ Market Overview Editor

Gold Market Overview at

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All essays, research and information found above represent analyses and opinions of Matt Machaj, PhD and Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be a subject to change without notice. Opinions and analyses were based on data available to authors of respective essays at the time of writing. Although the information provided above is based on careful research and sources that are believed to be accurate, Matt Machaj, PhD and his associates do not guarantee the accuracy or thoroughness of the data or information reported. The opinions published above are neither an offer nor a recommendation to purchase or sell any securities. Matt Machaj, PhD is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Matt Machaj’s, PhD reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Matt Machaj, PhD, Sunshine Profits' employees and affiliates as well as members of their families may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.

Matt Machaj, PhD, is an economist whose research is focused on the monetary policy, the gold standard, and alternative monetary regimes. Matt is a university professor, blogger, publicist, founder of the Polish Mises Institute branch, member of Property and Freedom Society, and laureate of Lawrence Fertig Award. Dr. Machaj’s  premium analysis at Sunshine Profits, where he publishes his gold Market Overview - monthly reports that focus on the big, fundamental picture and key things that can affect investors over the long run.

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