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Gold Market

CEO & Chief Investment Officer @ U.S. Global Investors
July 27, 2013

For the week, spot gold closed at $1,333.30, up $37.20 per ounce, or 2.87 percent. Gold stocks, as measured by the NYSE Arca Gold Miners Index, rose 6.68 percent. The U.S. Trade-Weighted Dollar Index lost 1.15 percent for the week.


  • As we reported on June 21, open interest figures in COMEX showed U.S. banks turned their record short gold position into a record long. Following up on that note, Germany’s Commerzbank announced it is upgrading its gold price forecast, saying the yellow metal would rise to $1,400 by the first quarter of 2014. Similarly, Commerzbank said that a rebound for gold would help silver get to $21 in the fourth quarter and $23 in the first quarter next year. While the forecast upgrades are not very sizeable, it is interesting that a large bank raises its gold price forecast. For many months, forecasts have gone only in the other direction. Further to that, Goldman Sachs announced it is sticking to its average forecast of $1,413 for an ounce of gold this year as it does not see sharp reductions in U.S. Federal Reserve stimulus, after fears of such cuts drove bullion prices to near three-year lows recently.
  • Much has been said about bullion ETFs listed in the U.S. seeing significant outflows this year, but investors in their newer Asian counterparts are a different story. A net $33.5 million was added to Asian gold and precious metals miners’ funds in the second quarter. The inflows are not very large in size, but they serve to reinforce the idea that Asian appetite for gold is relentless. On another note, Russia, the fourth-largest gold producer, announced plans to set up a stock exchange for junior gold and other mining companies to encourage exploration. Such a move likely will help miners raise funds to address the concern of dwindling global gold reserves.
  • Alamos Gold made its second recent small cash transaction by acquiring Orsa Ventures. The transaction adds longer-term leverage to gold prices for a low premium of $3.5 million, which makes for a clever move in this type of environment. Orsa Ventures holds rights to the title to the Quartz Mountain Property in Oregon, with inferred resources of 2.85 million ounces of gold at 0.80 grams per ton. On a second transaction this week, Orsu Metals Corporation, a precious metals exploration and development company, announced that Goldfield completed a subscription for 25 million units of the company at a price of $0.40 Canadian per unit; more than 10 times the trading price of $0.04 Canadian prior to the announcement. These two transactions serve to reinforce the idea that companies with good prospective assets traded down with the market and may offer an exciting entry point for investors. 


  • Credit Suisse’s commodity specialists published a commentary this week in which they discussed the negative mood for gold investors has moderated somewhat recently with a stabilization in gold prices. The specialists highlight investors are citing the seasonal uptick in gold demand as a reason to buy into the space. However, it is their opinion that the tightening import restrictions in India announced this week imply a demand reduction of about 500-700 tons. It is our opinion that the relentlessness of Asian gold demand is misunderstood by many commodity analysts, since they make little effort to understand the historical and cultural implications of gold in these cultures. As such, we expect the Indian bullion market to find alternative methods to overcome this import/export restriction. After all, the Reserve Bank of India has been implementing restrictions for nearly two years with very limited success.
  • The South African miners’ wage negotiations have been pushed into an arbitration hearing as the gap between the offer by gold producers and demands by the miners barely changed since negotiations earlier this month. The collective body representing the gold miners increased its proposal to raise miners’ salary by 5 percent while the miners’ union (NUM) pushed for a 60 percent wage increment. Such a wage increase is totally unaffordable for the mining companies and the country. In addition, the loss in labor productivity has been material, making any further wage increase unsustainable, evidenced by the fact that South Africa gold mined has fallen from 400 tons in 2002 to 167 tons in 2012.
  • AngloGold Ashanti announced the pricing of an offering of $1,250 million aggregate principal amount of 8.5 percent coupon notes due 2020. Gold analysts are somewhat surprised by the high coupon demanded by investors considering that Barrick Gold’s 2022 notes are trading at a 5.1 percent yield. By AngloGold biting on this transaction, it likely will set a precedent for future debt offerings in the gold space at higher costs to companies.


  • Stockhouse, the Canadian financial portal, published data on junior gold miner valuations showing that the average valuation of 50 junior gold miners it tracks on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the TSX Venture Index (with a minimum 1 million ounces measured and indicated resource), have come close to $11 in market capitalization per gold ounce last week. Even though they have since recovered from that low and currently sit near $12.40 per ounce, they remain in extremely oversold territory, even when factoring in current gold prices. There was evidence already this week, albeit only in the mid- and senior-producer space, that gold valuations have reached depressed levels where negative earnings' reports barely budge valuations.

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  • The first quarter of 2013 saw net de-hedging of 352,000 ounces (11 tons), leaving the global hedge book at 3.59 million ounces (112 tons), the lowest since quarterly series began in 2002.  A total of 32 companies reduced their positions during the period, while the positions of just three companies increased.  Preliminary second-quarter data suggests miners took the opportunity to further reduce hedging, as covering their hedges became cheaper as gold prices fell sharply in April. On a different note, COMEX open interest in gold options surged to a new record high of about 5,600 tons, or about two years’ total annual mine production, on Wednesday. This move is indicative of still very strong trading interest in gold, and implies that speculators are taking a view on potentially higher prices for the third quarter.
  • The ratio of puts per call for the iShares Silver Trust ETF declined to its lowest level since March 2009. The reason the measure tumbled is the fact that the number of puts dropped 17 percent since the end of April, while the number of calls increased by 9.4 percent in that time. This decline in the ratio signals that silver may rise 38 percent to $28 an ounce by early next year, according to Tom Power, a senior commodity broker at R.J. O’Brien & Associates in Chicago.

Frank Holmes is the CEO and Chief Investment Officer of U.S. Global Investors. Mr. Holmes purchased a controlling interest in U.S. Global Investors in 1989 and became the firm’s chief investment officer in 1999. Under his guidance, the company’s funds have received numerous awards and honors including more than two dozen Lipper Fund Awards and certificates. In 2006, Mr. Holmes was selected mining fund manager of the year by the Mining Journal. He is also the co-author of “The Goldwatcher: Demystifying Gold Investing.” Mr. Holmes is engaged in a number of international philanthropies. He is a member of the President’s Circle and on the investment committee of the International Crisis Group, which works to resolve conflict around the world. He is also an advisor to the William J. Clinton Foundation on sustainable development in countries with resource-based economies. Mr. Holmes is a native of Toronto and is a graduate of the University of Western Ontario with a bachelor’s degree in economics. He is a former president and chairman of the Toronto Society of the Investment Dealers Association. Mr. Holmes is a much-sought-after keynote speaker at national and international investment conferences. He is also a regular commentator on the financial television networks CNBC, Bloomberg and Fox Business, and has been profiled by Fortune, Barron’s, The Financial Times and other publications.  Visit the U.S. Global Investors website at  You can contact Frank at: [email protected].

With gold stolen by Conquistador Francisco Pizarro from the Inca Empire in 1532, Spain financed its conquest of Europe.
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